Providing exceptional industrial graphics, 3D animation and marketing services to technical and geoscience industries. We are GEOART.

 –  New to Our GEOART Stock Educational Animations – 

Why is Oil and Gas so IMPORTANT?

Why is oil so important? The United States consumed seven and a half billion barrels of oil and nearly thirty-one trillion cubic feet of natural gas in 2019.

These annual numbers equate to over two hundred thirty-six barrels of oil and nine hundred eighty-three thousand cubic feet of gas per second. Today, the importance of oil and gas in our country cannot be overstated. In order to fuel the muscular engine that is the US economy, the United States relies extensively on oil and gas. For the foreseeable future, to accommodate current demand and our lifestyles… America’s vehicles will remain on the tried and tested internal combustion engine. Thankfully, the oil and gas industry has not remained idle while technologies are being further developed for renewable energy.

New reservoir optimization techniques have enhanced petroleum production in both vertical and horizontal wells. Most notably, the increased implementation of technologies such as digitalization, cloud computing, and machine learning are transforming the petroleum industry… allowing for reduced costs, maximized operations and asset performance through real-time data analytics and optimized integration. In recent years, the US has surpassed both Saudi Arabia and Russia to become the world’s largest oil producer… and regained its net energy exporter status for the first time since 1952. This Energy Independence promises to provide improved energy security. The Oil and Gas industry is leading the charge to deliver the energy resources crucial to our country and promises that the vast consumption needs across all sectors required to sustain our current lifestyles can be met.

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Haynesville Shale

East Texas & Western Louisiana

The Haynesville Shale is a prolific, dry, natural gas-bearing play that stretches across east Texas and northwestern Louisiana. This Upper Jurassic age formation was deposited about 150 million years ago in a shallow offshore environment. It was named after the town of Haynesville in Claiborne Parish Louisiana, about 65 miles northwest of Shreveport and just south of the Arkansas border. The Haynesville discovery well was drilled by Chesapeake Energy in Desoto Parish in March 2008. Today, the Haynesville Region is the third largest natural gas producer in the United States, behind only the Appalachian and the Permian basin. As of December 2020, the number of working rigs is up 25% in the Haynesville since July 2019.

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Aquifer and Water Management

Groundwater is one of our most valuable resources—even though you probably never see it or even realize it is there. As you may have read, most of the void spaces in the rocks below the water table are filled with water. These rocks have different porosity and permeability characteristics, which means that water does not move around the same way in all rocks below ground.

When a water-bearing rock readily transmits water to wells and springs, it is called an aquifer. Wells can be drilled into the aquifers and water can be pumped out. Precipitation eventually adds water (recharge) into the porous rock of the aquifer. The rate of recharge is not the same for all aquifers though, and that must be considered when pumping water from a well. Pumping too much water too fast draws down the water in the aquifer and eventually causes a well to yield less and less water and even run dry. In fact, pumping your well too much can even cause your neighbor’s well to run dry if you both are pumping from the same aquifer.

Source: USGS

Carbon Dioxide Enhanced
Oil Recovery (CO2 EOR)

Crude oil development and production in U.S. oil reservoirs can include up to three distinct phases: primary, secondary, and tertiary (or enhanced) recovery. During primary recovery, the natural pressure of the reservoir or gravity drive oil into the wellbore, combined with artificial lift techniques (such as pumps) which bring the oil to the surface. But only about 10 percent of a reservoir’s original oil in place is typically produced during primary recovery. Secondary recovery techniques extend a field’s productive life generally by injecting water or gas to displace oil and drive it to a production wellbore, resulting in the recovery of 20 to 40 percent of the original oil in place.

However, with much of the easy-to-produce oil already recovered from U.S. oil fields, producers have attempted several tertiary, or enhanced oil recovery (EOR), techniques that offer prospects for ultimately producing 30 to 60 percent, or more, of the reservoir’s original oil in place.

Gas injection, which uses gases such as natural gas, nitrogen, or carbon dioxide (CO2) that expand in a reservoir to push additional oil to a production wellbore, or other gases that dissolve in the oil to lower its viscosity and improves its flow rate. Gas injection accounts for nearly 60 percent of EOR production in the United

Blowout Preventer

The Blowout Preventer, or BOP, is safety equipment designed to prevent uncontrolled flow of formation fluids during drilling and completion operations. During drilling, mud is pumped down the drill string to lubricate and cool the bit and provide equalizing pressure in the well. If the well’s hydro-static pressure falls below the formation’s pressure, a kick can occur, allowing gas, oil, and saltwater fluids to enter the well bore.

During a kick, these pressurized, combustible, hydrocarbons can be pushed up the well bore to the surface, where they may potentially blow out the well and ignite. The BOP has the capability to control this flow by sealing off the well bore in several ways.

Saltwater Disposal Well

Class II Oil and Gas Related Injection Wells

Class II wells are used only to inject fluids associated with oil and natural gas production. Class II fluids are primarily brines (salt water) that are brought to the surface while producing oil and gas.

The number of Class II wells varies from year to year based on fluctuations in oil and gas demand and production. Approximately 180,000 Class II wells are in operation in the United States.

Class II wells fall into one of three categories.

  • Disposal wells
  • Enhanced recovery wells
  • Hydrocarbon storage wells

Disposal wells

During oil and gas extraction, brines are also brought to the surface. Brines are separated from hydrocarbons at the surface and reinjected into the same or similar underground formations for disposal. Wastewater from hydraulic fracturing activities can also be injected into Class II wells.

Class II wells are used to inject fluids associated with oil and gas production.  Injection of fluids is typically thousands of feet below the surface into rock formations isolated from underground sources of drinking water.

Enhanced recovery wells

Fluids consisting of brine, freshwater, steam, polymers, or carbon dioxide are injected into oil-bearing formations to recover residual oil and in limited applications, natural gas.

The injected fluids thin (decrease the viscosity) or displace small amounts of extractable oil and gas. Oil and gas is then available for recovery. In a typical configuration, a single injection well is surrounded by multiple production wells that bring oil and gas to the surface.

The UIC program does not regulate wells that are solely used for production. However, EPA does have authority to regulate hydraulic fracturing when diesel fuels are used in fluids or propping agents. During hydraulic fracturing, another enhanced recovery process, a viscous fluid is injected under high pressure until the desired fracturing is achieved, followed by a proppant such as sand. The pressure is then released, and the proppant holds the fractures open to allow fluid to return to the well.

Enhanced recovery wells are the most numerous type of Class II wells. They represent as much as 80 percent of the total number of Class II wells.

Hydrocarbon storage wells 

Liquid hydrocarbons are injected into underground formations (such as salt caverns) where they are stored, generally, as part of the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Over 100 liquid hydrocarbon storage wells operate in the United States.

 

 

 

Watch our 3D Oil and Gas Animation Demo Reel

Please take a look at our latest technical animation work! You’ll see that our creative team is continuing to push beyond their comfort zone to create that “WOW” experience for every client’s play, tool or oil and gas technology project with our animated graphics. Need to explain enhanced oil recovery, stacked pay or oil investments in unconventional oil?  No problem. Our seasoned technical animator team specialize in process, mechanical and industrial animations as seen in our animation demo reel.

With new effects and cutting-edge, 3D modeling software, we can go beyond the norm and create that one of a kind technical animation, illustration, or oil and gas graphic animation you’re looking for!  These 3D oil and gas graphics are from many projects we have created up to this point. Look, experience and…

Let us know what we can do for you!

Click to watch Animation Demo Reel

Welcome to GEOART

As a leader in oil and gas design, we here at John Perez Graphics & Design speak, think and visualize in terms of the oil and gas industry. And, long ago, we set excellence and innovation as our watchwords. We join your team as an industry veteran who can contribute immediately – no learning curve required. Quite often, you only need to define your objectives and send us your project’s raw data. From there, we go to work to set you apart from your peers with accurate and effective oil and gas presentations, animations, websites and multimedia.

I’m as passionate about your success today as I was when I started in this industry in 1979. Let us put it to work on your next oil and gas project!

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Product Portfolio

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Company Brochure

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colorado school of mins, cutaway diagram, technical graphics, industrial graphics, infographic, Niobrara

Dr. Robert J. Weimer, PhD, PG
Colorado School of Mines – Geology Professor Emeritus

“I enjoyed working with your crew on the CSM project. The results occupy a prominent spot in the lobby of the new Petroleum Engineering Building for all to admire. Thank you for the opportunity.”

Our GEOART Hangs in the Oil and Gas Industry’s Most Hallowed Educational Halls

Over our 25 years, we’ve had the honor and pleasure to work with the best and brightest minds in geology, geophysics, petroleum engineering and oil and gas law education.  Their collaboration on special projects such as this geologic illustration showing from the Denver formation at 64 million years old to the Precambrian at 1.7 billion years old has been key.  Our oil and gas illustrations and oil and gas animations have been incorporated into curriculum and have helped to expand the next generation’s education in the geoscience and technology of the oil and gas industry.

Look for our work at your next campus visit to: Colorado School of Mines, University of Texas, Texas A&M, UT Permian Basin, Texas Tech, LSU, Oklahoma State University and others!

colorado school of mins, well logging, cutaway diagram, technical graphics, industrial graphics, infographic, Niobrara

William Fleckenstein, PhD, PE Colorado School of Mines – Petroleum Engineering Dept., EREP Director of Strategic Relationships and Enterprises

“Many thanks to John Perez for this donation. If a picture is worth a thousand words, a great animation is priceless.”

 

John Perez Graphics & Design Testimonials

Some of the things our clients have to say

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John and his team provide spectacular graphics that are useful for portraying concepts to the non-geologists and geologist alike. I have used his graphics to highlight the need for our research projects to our sponsors. Students have looked at the images and said 'oh, now I understand why I need to characterize the geology’.
Dr. Christopher K. Zahm Bureau of Economic Geology - Jackson School of Geosciences - The University of Texas at Austin
John and his team are outstanding. We presented them with a rush litigation animation project involving highly complex geological and engineering facts that had been developed over more than 10 years of litigation. Following a meeting with our team of experts and attorneys, they were able to transform mountains of data into a stunning depiction of gas and water movement…
Richard A. Olmstead Partner, Kutak Rock LLP
Dear Mr. Perez, I would like to take this opportunity to complement you on the many projects that you have delivered to my firm. These projects are of wonderful quality and have been delivered on time, a few times with shorter times than either one of us would prefer. Quite a number of the animations that you have created for…
John P. Hughett, P.E. President - Hughett Engineering Inc.
As the instructor of the Petroleum Technology department at WTC, I have used a wide variety of graphics and animations from John Perez Graphics.  Just recently, I needed illustrations of artificial lift methods for one of our second-year courses, and I was blown away with all the different options that were available.  John provided detailed schematics that directly represent the…
Dana Fahntrapp Petroleum Technology Instructor
John and his team provided us with an amazing product. The graphics are remarkable and effectively convey all the geological/production messages we had in mind at the beginning of the project. Communication was excellent and final edits/additions were promptly implemented. Due to severely depressed oil prices, the team completed 15+ hours of final edits at no cost to us. Thank you again…
Marco Martines Geological Lead - Exploitation of Occidental of Oman
- I have been using your firm's graphics and animations in the oil and gas law classes I teach at LSU, and they have been a big help. Many of my students have no oil and gas industry background, and some of them have never taken a geology course. In one of my classes, we recently were discussing a legal…
Keith B. Hall Director of Mineral Law Institute, Campanile Charities Professor of Energy Law
I started working for Venado Oil & Gas as the Director of Administration and one of my first tasks at hand was the development of the company website. My knowledge of website design and working in the oil and gas industry made this task very challenging. The decision to contract John Perez graphics to design the website was absolutely the…
Paul R. Janacek Venado Oil & Gas, LLC
I teach the oil-and-gas law courses at Texas Tech School of Law, and it is the rule rather than the exception that my students start my courses with little or no familiarity with the oil-and-gas business. In fact, more often than not, they know a lot that isn’t so! To be able to effectively teach the law on a subject…
William R. Keffer Janet Scivally and David Copeland Endowed Professor of Energy Law, Director of Energy Law Programs, Assistant Director of Bar Preparation Resources, Texas Tech University School of Law
I have admired the work of John Perez Graphics for many years and finally had an opportunity to utilize their services in creating a presentation.  I was asked to give a presentation at a large conference and wanted to deliver a “wow” presentation to a non-oil and gas audience.  The presentation needed to explain some of the complexities of our industry…
Jay Still CEO & President - Guidon Energy
John, You and your Team did a remarkable job – You guys and Gwen and Her Team have turned out the most impressive Annual Report EVER !! Thanks and we look forward to working with your Team again next year……
David M. Demshur Chairman of the Board & CEO - Core Laboratories